Cystoscopy is a procedure used to detect abnormalities of the lower urinary tract or to assist in transurethral surgery.
In this procedure, a cystoscope (thin, telescope-like tube with a light and tiny camera attached) is inserted into the bladder through the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body). This is done so that your doctor can visualize the inside of your bladder. Water or saline is infused through the cystoscope so that the walls of the bladder are stretched and the bladder lining can be seen clearly. The average Cystoscopy takes about 5-10 minutes.
Cystoscopy may be used to evaluate and diagnose the following conditions:
- Bladder cancer
- Blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Diverticula (sacs caused by abnormal holes in the urethra)
- Ectopic (displaced) ureter
- Fistula (abnormal passage)
- Frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Interstitial cystitis
- Painful urination
- Urinary blockage (e.g., enlarged prostate [BPH], narrowing of the urinary tract [stricture], polyps, tumors)
- Urinary incontinence or overactive bladder
- Urinary stones