Overview of Vasectomy

A vasectomy is a form of birth control. This is done by cutting the supply of sperm to the semen by cutting and sealing the tubes that will carry the sperm. This procedure has a very low risk. This procedure is typically done as an outpatient procedure and can be done with local anesthesia. It is important to know that you are done having any more children. A vasectomy reversal is possible, but should be avoided. Sexually transmitted diseases are possible even with a vasectomy. Be sure that you talk to your physician about if this procedure is going to be right for you. You will also want to receive all of the instructions for the procedure before it is done.

Why Is a Vasectomy Done?

A vasectomy is a very safe method of birth control, as it is 100% effective. The procedure is also very low in risk or complications. The cost is very low, compared to a female that is looked to have tubal ligation done or even the cost of long-term birth control. It also saves time in not having to worry about alternate birth control methods.

Risks of a Vasectomy

The biggest risk of a vasectomy is that you may later change your mind that you will want more children later in life. It is possible to reverse a vasectomy, but it is not guaranteed to work. This is a very complicated surgery and can be very expensive.

If you have chronic testicular pain or disease, then you are not a good candidate for vasectomy. However, there are no real side effects. Severe complications are very rare.

Some common side effects include:

  • Bruising of the scrotum
  • Blood in the scrotum
  • Blood in the semen
  • Infection at the surgery site
  • Swelling
  • Pain and discomfort
  • Pregnancy, if the vasectomy fails
  • Inflammation caused by the sperm leaking
  • Chronic pain
  • Fluid buildup in the testicle
  • Fluid-filled sac that surrounds the testicle
  • Abnormal cyst that develop in the upper testicle

How to Prepare for a Vasectomy

Your physician will ask that you stop taking medications. You will also need to purchase loose fitting clothing. Take a shower on the day of surgery. Arrange for a ride for after surgery.

Before your procedure, your physician will meet with you and make sure that this procedure is the best option for you. This procedure will be done in the office under local anesthesia. You will be awake and medicine will be applied to numb the area.

This whole procedure will take less than thirty minutes. The first step is to numb the surgery area by injecting the local anesthetic into the skin. A small incision will be made in the top of the scrotum after you have been numbed. The tube that carries the semen will need to be located. This tube is called vas deferens. Then your physician will withdraw part of the vas deferens through the incision. Then the vas deferens will then be cut and sealed by either tying it or cauterizing it. The ends of the vas deferens will then be inserted back into the scrotum. The incision will be closed with stitches or glue.

After the vasectomy, you will experience pain, swelling, and possibly some bruising as well. These symptoms should not last longer than a couple of days. You will be given specific instructions for recovery. You will want to call your physician if you are showing any signs of infection. Signs of infection include blood coming from the surgery site, a fever, redness, or increasing pain. You may also want to support the surgery site with bandage or supporting underwear. Apply ice to the surgery site for the first two days. Your physician will give you a better instruction about what your exercise and activity. You will not want to overdo it because this will cause pain and bleeding.

Results of the Vasectomy

A vasectomy does not immediately work as a protection against pregnancy. You will want to use alternate forms of birth control until your physician confirms that there is no sperm in your semen. It usually takes several months. Your physician will do a follow-up around six to twelve weeks after surgery. A vasectomy is a very effective form of birth control. You may want to use protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

A vasectomy reversal is possible, but you should consider a vasectomy to be permanent. A vasectomy reversal works to reconnect each tube that carries the sperm from the testicle to the semen. If the reversal is successful, then you may be able to get your partner pregnant. A vasectomy reversal has about a thirty to ninety percent success rate. There are many factors that will contribute to this success rate. This procedure is very difficult and should not be done in most cases. Before you have a vasectomy, you will want to make sure that you are finished having children. If you think that you will want to have more children in the future, then you will want to wait on this procedure and use alternate forms of birth control. If you have questions about alternate forms of birth control, then you will want to consult with your physician to find out what is going to be best for you and your partner.

Overview of a Vasectomy

A vasectomy is an excellent method of birth control. It is an easier procedure than a female having a tubal litigation. This procedure does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases, so alternate methods may also want to be used. Before your procedure, you will want to talk to your physician to ensure this procedure is right for you. If this procedure is right for you, then you will want to speak with your physician about the proper instructions and care. A vasectomy should be considered final. A vasectomy reversal is possible, but this should not be used very often. Ask your physician about alternate forms of birth control if you do not believe that you and you partner are finished having children.

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